When you have a naturally-occurring maple species, identification is fairly straightforward. The Bark: gray brown, smooth on young trunks, older trunks fissured with long, and irregular flakes. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. Silver Maple Tree is a species of deciduous tree that also referred to as the Water Maple. Floral buds are globose and conspicuous, since they are borne in clusters. Identify maple trees by their bark: Maple tree bark is generally gray-brown to reddish-brown. A.K.A. Identifying Sugar Maples by their Fruit Pick one of the small fruit. At first, it is smooth but as it ages, it develops longish grooves. When the twig is scraped or broken, a strong foul odor can be detected. Silver maples develop scaly bark with age. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Paint your tree's trunk from 1 inch below the soil line to at least 2 feet up the trunk. Differences: The way to tell Red Maple and Sugar Maple apart is by the bark. Soft Maple has low heat output, a nice smell, and produces great coals. Last fall, a section of bark loosened and fell away from the trunk. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. This may be the first native tree to flower, although the flowers are not showy. It's similar to a balloon, which can only take so much internal pressure before something gives. On older trees, bark can appear to be darker and rougher with peeling flakes. The two wings are nearly parallel, about 1 inch in length. Other Important Facts: The Norway Maple is imported from Europe. The tree is useful in wet areas, transplants easily and can grow where few others can. Silver Maple: You can tell you’re gazing at a Silver Maple tree when you see a gray-brown bark, slit. Silver maples grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, and do best in full to part sun with acidic soil kept consistently moist -- even wet. The silver maple grows rapidly and has widely been planted as a shade tree. Clusters of globose floral buds are also present on silver maple. Silver Maple Tree. The 0.5 to 1-inch-long winged fruits are produced in pairs. Bark of Silver Maple G. Lumis. Ornamental silver striped bark of the small deciduous tree, Acer tegmentosum 'White Tigress', ... Close-up of maple bark texture with a fallen leaf. These fungus are the most common maple bark diseases. Look to leaves for a positive identification. The faster trees grow, the weaker their structure. Summary Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf Height: 50 to 70 feet Spread: 30 to 50 feet Shape: Spreading Summer foliage is green on top and silvery underneath. Click on images of Silver Maple to enlarge. The Silver Maple grows to 70 – 100 feet tall. It is usually thin, smooth and gray on young trees, becoming thicker, darker and deeply furrowed into vertical, occasionally scaly ridges. The bark is smooth and light gray on young- and intermediate-aged stems, while mature bark is dark gray and rough. Dry green moss. In the open, sugar maples have a symmetrical crown. If white, pimplelike spots appear in sunken lesions on the bark of a maple's branches and stems, Valsa canker fungus has infected it. Native to North America, the silver maple (Acer saccharinum) grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9. Below you will find a list of diseases that affect maple trunk and bark. The Norway maple was one of the most popular street trees in the United States in the ‘60s and ‘70s. Identifying maple trees by foliage is possible, however even this varies greatly with some being much simpler than others. 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